GAZETTEER OF CAVES, FISSURES AND ROCK SHELTERS IN WALES, CONTAINING HUMAN REMAINS
Database compiled by Andrew T. Chamberlain, University of Manchester
This gazetteer contains a summary of information about natural caves, fissures and rock shelters in Wales
that have contained human remains of possible or proven prehistoric date. To find information about a particular site, click on its
name in the list below. The following categories of information are listed for each entry:
Site: The topographical name of the site, as given in the published literature. Alternative names are given in parentheses.
NGR: The National Grid Reference, consisting of two letters indicating the 100 km square followed by the six-figure or eight-figure grid co-ordinates, when known.
NPRN: The Primary Record Number, as listed in the Royal Commission CARN database with a direct link to the entry.
SMR: The Primary Record Number under which the site is recorded in the relevant local authority sites and monuments or historic environment record.
SAM: Scheduled Ancient Monuments number.
SSSI: Site of Special Scientific Interest number.
CCR: The database number of the site as listed in the
Cambrian Cave Registry with a direct link to the entry.
Excavation: The directors and duration of known excavations of the site.
Curation: The current or last known locations of all curated finds from the site.
Burials: The estimated numbers of individuals, subdivided into adults and juveniles. A '+' sign indicates that the estimate is a minimum number, normally calculated from the most frequently
represented skeletal element
Finds: A brief summary of any artefacts or environmental material that may be of the same date as the human remains. The entry does not distinguish between items that are grave goods,
those which are associated by context, and material that is unstratified.
Date: The author’s assessment of the period to which the burials are likely to belong. For each site a numerical index of reliability of the dating evidence has been assigned,
as follows: (1) 14C date obtained directly on human remains; (2) 14C date obtained on organic material closely associated with a burial, or, undated human remains closely associated
with diagnostic prehistoric artefacts or other datable material; (3) burial associated with non-diagnostic prehistoric artefacts; (4) stratigraphical context of human remains indeterminate;
(5) no reliable dating information available for the site.
14C: Where radiocarbon determinations are available these are given in uncalibrated years b.p. The laboratory number is also given, but the laboratory dating error has been omitted
(most estimates of the error standard deviation of Holocene 14C dates lie in the range between ±30 and ±150 years).
Bibliography: A comprehensive list of the primary published literature for each site is given, but secondary references that present no additional information have been omitted.
Where possible, references are linked to freely available online copies.
Errors and omissions
It is hoped that we can actively keep this gazetteer both accurate and up to date. If you know of any data that is missing or out of date,
please contact either the compiler, Prof. Andrew Chamberlain
or the editor Graham Mullan. For technical problems, broken links etc. please
contact the editor..
Alphabetical List of Cave Sites
- Big Covert Cave (Maeshafn Cave, Llanferres Cave), Llanferres, Denbighshire
- Cae Gronw Cave, Cefnmeiriadog, Denbighshire
- Caerwys Cave No. 3, Caerwys, Flintshire
- Carreg Cennen Cave, Dyffryn Cennen, Carmarthenshire
- Cathole Cave, Ilston, Swansea
- Cefn Caves, Cefnmeiriadog, Denbighshire
- Chartist Cave (Ogof Fawr), Llangynidr, Powys
- Chimney Cave (Printing Press Cave), Llandudno, Conwy
- Corkscrew Cave, Llandudno, Conwy
- Culver Hole (Three Chimneys Cave), Llangennith Llanmadoc and Cheriton, Swansea
- Dead Rabbit Cave (Letterbox Cave), Llandudno, Conwy
- Eel Point Cave, Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire
- Ffynnon Beuno Cave, Tremeirchion, Denbighshire
- Foxhole Slade Cave, Rhossili, Glamorgan
- George Rock Shelter, Wenvoe, Vale of Glamorgan
- Gop Cave, Trelawnyd & Gwaenysgor, Flintshire
- Gwaenysgor Cave, Trelawnyd & Gwaenysgor, Flintshire
- Harry Thomas Cave, Port-Eynon, Swansea
- High Cliff Quarry, Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire
- Hoyle's Mouth Cave, Penally, Pembrokeshire
- Ifton Quarries, Rogiet, Monmouthshire
- Kendrick's Cave, Great Orme, Llandudno, Conwy
- Lesser Garth Cave, Radyr and Morganstown, Cardiff
- Little Hoyle Cave (Longbury Bank Cave), Penally, Pembrokeshire
- Little Orme's Head Quarry, Llandudno, Conwy
- Lynx Cave (Bryn Alyn Cave 1), Llanarmon-yn-ial, Denbighshire
- Mewslade Cave, Rhossili, Swansea
- Minchin Hole (Mitchin Hole), Penard, Swansea
- Minera Cave, Minera, Wrexham
- Mumbles Hill Fissure, Gower, Mumbles, Swansea
- Nanna's Cave, Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire
- Nant-y-Fuach Rock Shelter, Dyserth, Denbighshire
- Nant-y-Graig Cave (Brasgyll Cave 2), Llannefydd, Conwy
- Ogof Brân Goesgoch, Stackpole, Pembrokeshire
- Ogof Colomendy, Gwernymynydd, Flintshire
- Ogof Cregyn, Pennard, Swansea
- Ogof Drawsddu (Ogof Drawsdre Isaf), Llanarthney, Carmarthenshire
- Ogof Ffynnon Ddu (Rhongyr Uchaf), Tawe-uchaf, Powys
- Ogof Garreg Hir, Stackpole, Pembrokeshire
- Ogof Pant-y-Llyn, Llanfihangel Aberbythych, Carmarthenshire
- Ogof Pant-y-Wennol, Llandudno, Conwy
- Ogof Rhiwledyn Cave (North Face Cave), Llandudno, Conwy
- Ogof-y-Benglog (New Cave/Skull Cave), Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire
- Ogof-yr-Esgyrn (Dan-yr-Ogof 1), Tawe-uchaf, Powys
- Ogof-yr-Ychen (Cave of the Oxen), Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire
- Orchid Cave, Llanferres, Denbighshire
- Paviland Cave (Goat's Hole), Rhossili, Swansea
- Perthi Chwarae Cave I, Llanarmon-yn-ial, Denbighshire
- Pitton Cliff Cave, Rhossili, Swansea
- Plas Heaton Cave, Henllan, Denbighshire
- Pontnewydd Cave, (Bont Newydd Cave) Cefnmeiriadog, Denbighshire
- Potter's Cave, Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire
- Priory Farm Cave (Cat's Hole Cave), Pembroke, Pembrokeshire
- Red Fescue Hole, Rhossili, Swansea
- Rhosddigre (Rhos Isaf) Caves, Llanarmon-yn-ial, Denbighshire
- Roche Point Cave (St Samson’s Cave), Stackpole, Swansea
- Rockrose Hole, Port-Eynon, Swansea
- Skeleton Cave, Great Orme, Llandudno, Conwy
- Small Ord Point (Daylight Rock Cave), Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire
- Snail Cave, Llandudno, Conwy
- Spritsail Tor (Prissens Tor) Cave, Llangennith Llanmadoc and Cheriton, Swansea
- Spurge Hole, Pennard, Swansea
- Tooth Cave, Ilston, Swansea
- Twll Carw Coch, Cader Fawr, Hirwaun, Rhondda Cynon Taff
- Upper Blackhole, Rhossili, Swansea
- Upper Kendrick's Cave, Llandudno, Conwy
- Wolf Cave (Goldsland Wood Cave), Wenvoe, Vale of Glamorgan
- Wooley's Hole, Llangennith Llanmadoc and Cheriton, Swansea
- Worm's Head Cave, Rhossili, Swansea
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Updated February 2023