Cathole Cave, Ilston, Swansea

NGR: SS 5377 9002

NPRN: 305612

SMR: 00231W

CCR: 1118

Excavation: E.R. Wood, 1864; C.B.M. McBurney, 1958-59; J.B. Campbell, 1968; E.A. Walker, 2012.

Curation: Cambridge Museum of Archaeology & Ethnography; British Museum, London; Natural History Museum, London; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff (80.55H).

Burials: MNI: 2+

Finds: beaker, socketed bronze axe, flint flakes, animal bones

Date: Neolithic (1)

14C: 4645 bp (OxA-11023, redated 4675 bp, OxA-16605) on human bone


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Campbell, J.B. (1977) The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain. A Study of Man and Nature in the Late Ice Age. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Nature Conservancy Council, Peterborough.

Garrod, D.A.E. (1926) The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Gibson, A.M. (1982) Beaker domestic sites: a study of the domestic pottery of the late third and early second millenia B.C. in the British Isles. British Archaeological Reports British Series 107. B.A.R., Oxford.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

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Oldham, A.D. (2003) The Caves of Gower. Privately printed.

McBurney, C.B.M. (1959) Report on the first season's fieldwork on British Upper Palaeolithic cave deposits. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 25: 260-269.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481.

Nash, G.H., Simms, M.J., Thomas,L., & van Calsteren,P. (2012). A discovery of possible Upper Palaeolithic parietal art in Cathole Cave, Gower penninsula, south Wales. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25.3: 327-336.

Nash, G.H. & Beardsley, A. (2013) The survey of Cathole Cave, Gower Peninsula, South Wales. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 26.1: 73-83.

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Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.

Schulting, R.J. (2020) Claddedigaethau mewn ogofâu: Prehistoric human remains (mainly) from the caves of Wales. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 28 (2) : 185-219.

Vivian, H.H. (1887) Description of the Park Cwm tumulus. Archaeologia Cambrensis 42: 197-201.

Walker, E.A. (2014) Excavations at Cathole Cave, Gower, Swansea. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 26.2: 131-169.

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