Gop Cave, Trelawnyd & Gwaenysgor, Flintshire

NGR: SJ 0863 8008

NPRN: 306726

SMR: 102261, 102262, 102263, 102264

SAM: Fl 067

CCR: 912

Excavation: W.B. Dawkins, 1886; J.H. Morris, 1909-14; W.H. Stead et al., 1958.

Curation: Manchester Museum; Chester Museum; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff (19.252, 19.259, 20.339, 36.632/1-9, 47.101/26-39, 61.381, 92.230H).

Burials: MNI: 14

Finds: Peterborough Ware pottery, flint knife, leaf-shaped arrowhead, Craig Lwyd stone axe, jet artefacts, animal bones.

Date: Neolithic (1)

14C: 4840 bp (OxA-10645, redated 4414 bp, OxA-22991); 4570 bp (OxA-10646, redated 4381 bp, OxA-22992); 4350 bp (OxA-10644, redated 4357 bp, OxA-22990) on human bone.


Davies, E. (1949) The Prehistoric and Roman Remains of Flintshire. Cardiff.

Dawkins, W.B. (1901) On the cairn and sepulchral cave at Gop, near Prestatyn. Archaeological Journal 58: 322-341.

Dawkins, W.B. (1912) Certain fixed points in the prehistory of Wales. Archaeologia Cambrensis 6: 61-108.

Gibson, A. (1995) First impressions: a review of Peterborough Ware in Wales. In Kinnes, I. & Varndell, G. (eds) 'Unbaked Urns of Rudely Shape': Essays on British and Irish Pottery. Oxbow Monograph 55. Oxbow, Oxford, pp. 23-39.

Glenn, T.A. (1913) Distribution of Neolithic implements in northern Flintshire. Archaeologia Cambrensis 13: 181-190.

Glenn, T.A. & Piggott, S. (1935) Distribution of the Graig Lwyd axe and its associated cultures. Archaeologia Cambrensis 90: 194-216.

Green, H.S. (1980) The Flint Arrowheads of the British Isles. B.A.R. British Series 75. B.A.R., Oxford.

Jackson, J.W. (1913) On the occurrence of the lynx in North Wales and Derbyshire. Geological Magazine 10: 259-262.

Lynch, F. (1969) Flint arrowheads from Minera, Wrexham. Denbighshire Historical Society Transactions 18: 173.

McInnes, I. (1968) Jet sliders in Late Neolithic Britain. In Coles, J.M. & Simpson, D.D.A. (eds) Studies in Ancient Europe. Leicester University Press, Leicester, pp. 137-144.

Piggott, S. (1954) Neolithic Cultures of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Schulting, R.J. (2020) Claddedigaethau mewn ogofâu: Prehistoric human remains (mainly) from the caves of Wales. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 28 (2) : 185-219.

Schulting, R. & Gonzalez, S. (2007) 'Prestatyn Woman' reconsidered. In M. Bell (ed.) Prehistoric and Coastal Communities: The Mesolithic in western Britain. Council for British Archaeology, pp. 303-305.

Walker, E. (1993) History of excavations at Gop Cave. Clwyd Archaeological News p. 3

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