Little Hoyle Cave (Longbury Bank Cave), Penally, Pembrokeshire

NGR: SS 1117 9996

NPRN: 305459

SMR: 7722, 11649

SAM: Pe 428

CCR: 934

Excavation: H.H. Winwood, 1866; G.N. Smith, 1870; W. Power & E.Laws, 1877; Rolleston et al., 1878; McBurney, 1958-63; S. Green, 1984-86.

Curation: Tenby Museum; Manchester Museum; Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff (86.33H).

Burials: MNI: approx 17

Finds: Flint artefacts; Neolithic pottery and flints (on adjacent open surface), Romano-British and Dark age artefacts, animal bones.

Date: Early Neolithic (1)

14C: 4660, 4750, 4880, 4930 bp (OxA-3303 to 3306) on human bone


Alcock, L. (1958) Post-Roman sherds from Longbury Bank Cave, Penally (Pembrokeshire). Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 18: 77-79.

Aldhouse-Green, S. (1996) Archaeology in Wales 36: 70-71.

Anon (1991) Date list. Ancient TL 9: 57-62.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Campbell, E. & Lane, A. (1993) Excavations at Longbury Bank, Dyfed. Medieval Archaeology 37: 15-77.

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Nature Conservancy Council, Peterborough.

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London.

Green, S. (1986) Excavations at Little Hoyle (Longbury Bank), Wales, in 1984. In Roe, D.A. (ed.) Studies in the Upper Palaeolithic of Britain and Northwest Europe. British Archaeological Reports International Series 296. B.A.R., Oxford, pp. 99-119.

Green, H.S. (1986) The Palaeolithic settlement of Wales research project: a review of progress 1978-85. In Colcutt, S.N. (ed.) The Palaeolithic of Britain and its Nearest Neighbours: Recent Trends. University of Sheffield, Sheffield, pp. 36-42.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1993) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 16. Archaeometry 35 (1): 147-167.

Laws, E. (1877) On a kitchen midden found in a cave near Tenby, Pembrokeshire, and explored by Wilmot Power. Journal of the Anthropological Institute 7: 84-89.

Laws, E. (1888) The History of Little England Beyond Wales, and the Non-Kymric Colony Settled in Pembrokeshire. London, Bell. p6.

Leach, A.L. (1918) Some Prehistoric Remains in the Tenby Museum. Tenby.

Leach, A.L. (1945) The Rev. G.N. Smith: a Pembrokeshire antiquary. Archaeologia Cambrensis 98: 248-254.

McBurney, C.B.M. (1959) Report on the first season's fieldwork on British Upper Palaeolithic cave deposits. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 25: 260-269.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481.

Rae, A.M. et al. (1987) A comparative dating study of bones from Little Hoyle Cave, South Wales, U.K. Journal of Archaeological Science 14: 243-250.

Rolleston et al. (1878) Report of the Committee appointed for the purpose of examining two caves containing human remains, in the neighbourhood of Tenby. Report of the Forty-Eighth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 209-217.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1925) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire. VII. County of Pembroke. HMSO, Cardiff.

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