Fox Hole Cave, Hartington Middle Quarter, Derbyshire


NGR: SK 0997 6618

NMR: SK 06 NE 7

SMR: 29020

SAM: Dr 284, 13242

Excavation: S.G.B. Birks and B.S. Furneaux, 1928-9. D. Bramwell, 1961-1981.

Curation: Buxton Museum.

Burials: MNI: 5 (3 adults, 2 juveniles).

Finds: Peterborough ware, Early Bronze Age pottery, Group VI stone axe, flint microliths; Romano-British artefacts; animal bones.

Date: : Early Neolithic (1)

14C: 5185 bp (OxA-9805), 5485 (OxA-9929) on human bone; 11,970 bp (OxA-1493); 12,000 bp (OxA-1494) on worked antler.

Bibliography:

Bramwell, D. et al. (1962-1981) Peakland Archaeological Society Newsletter 17: 13-14; 18: 1-6 & 32; 19: 10-12; 20: 8-10; 20: 11-12; 21: 6-7 & amp; 10; 22: 5-6 & 9; 23: 5-6; 24: 7-8; 25: 8-10; 26: 1-4; 27: 1-3; 28: 6-8; 29: 7-8; 30: 4-5; 32: 5-6.

Bramwell, D. (1971) Excavations at Fox Hole Cave, High Wheeldon, 1961-1970. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 91: 1-19.

Bramwell, D. (1977) Archaeology and palaeontology. In Ford, T.D. (ed) Limestones and Caves of the Peak District. Geo Books, Norwich, pp. 263-295.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Chamberlain, A.T. (2001) Fox Hole Cave, Derbyshire, and the earliest Neolithic in Britain. PAST 38: 7-9.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1989) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 9. Archaeometry 31: 207-234.

Jackson, J.W. & Piggott, S. (1951) Peterborough (Neolithic B) pottery from High Wheeldon Cave, Earl Sterndale. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 71: 72-77.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological Description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481.

Moore, C.N. & Cummins, W.A. (1974) Petrological identification of stone implements from Derbyshire and Leicestershire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 40: 59-78.

Papakonstantinou, N. (2009) Human Skeletal Remains from Neolithic Caves in the Peak District: an Osteoarchaeological and Taphonomic Approach. Unpublished MSc dissertation, Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield.

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