Aveline's Hole, Burrington, North Somerset


NGR: ST 4761 5867

NMR: ST 45 NE 2

SMR: S 0268

MCRA: 3

SAM: 13259

Excavation: 1797; D. Williams, 1828; W.T. & A.T. Aveline, 1843; W.B. Dawkins, 1860, 1864; BSRS, 1912-1914; J.A. Davies, 1919-1930.

Curation: UBSS Museum; Natural History Museum, London.

Burials: MNI: 21+ (16 adults, 5 juveniles)

Finds: : Flint, bone and tooth artefacts; worked fossils; animal bones.

Date: Mesolithic (1) and Neolithic (1)

14C: 9114 bp (BM-471); 9100 bp (OxA-800); 8860 bp (OxA-801); 8740 bp (OxA-1070) on human bone 9090 bp (Q-1458) on mixed bone sample; 8100 bp (GrN-5393) on stalagmite inside human skull; 9210 bp to 8890 bp (18 samples) (GrA-22421-GrA22605) on human bone; 9340 bp to 9125 bp (7 samples) (OxA-34338-34971) on human bone; 4958 bp to 4643 bp (6 samples) on human bone.

Bibliography:

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Boycott, A. & Wilson, L.J. (2010) Contemporary accounts of the discovery of Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25 (1): 11-25.

Boycott, A. & Wilson, L.J. (2011) In further pursuit of rabbits: Accounts of Aveline's Hole 1799 to 1921. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25 (2): 187-232.

Boycott, A. & Wilson, L.J. (2012) The Aveline Brothers at Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25 (3): 303-312.

Brace, S. et al. (2019) Ancient genomes indicate population replacement in Early Neolithic Britain. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 765–771.

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Davies, J.A. (1921) Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe. An Upper Palaeolithic station. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (2): 61-72.

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Tratman, E.K. (1922) Notes on the human teeth obtained from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe, Somerset. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (3): 122-125.

Tratman, E.K. (1923) Further notes on the human teeth from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (1): 38-39.

Tratman, E.K. (1977) A further radiocarbon date on human bone material from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 14 (3): 261-262.

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