Ogof-yr-Ychen (Cave of the Oxen), Caldey Island, Dyfed


NGR: SS 1464 9691

NPRN: -

SMR: 7448, 10416, 11992, 11993

CCR: 1062

Excavation: J. van Nedervelde,1970-75, 1984.

Curation: National Museum of Wales, Cardiff (91.8H, Z/1983/076).

Burials: MNI: 4+ (3 adults, 1 juvenile).

Finds: Mesolithic & Neolithic flints; early Neolithic bowl; Romano-British artefacts; animal bones.

Date: Mesolithic (1)

14C: 7020 bp (OxA-2574), 8280, 8210, 8415, 7880 bp (OxA-7690, 7691, 7741, 7742), 8760 bp (OxA-10616) on human bone.

Bibliography:

Bateman, J.A. (1973) Faunal remains from Ogof-yr-Ychen, Caldey Island. Nature 245: 454-455.

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Bronk Ramsey, C., Pettitt, P.B., Hedges, R.E.M., Hodgins, G.W.L. & Owen, D.C. (2000) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 30. Archaeometry 42: 459-479.

David, A. (1991) Late glacial archaeological residues from Wales: a selection. In Barton, N. et al. (eds) The Late Glacial in North West Europe. CBA Research Report 77. Council for British Archaeology, London, pp. 141-159.

Davies, M. (1971) Ogof-yr-Ychen, a new cave archaeological site on Caldey Island, Pembrokeshire. South Wales Caving Club Newsletter 68: 21-26.

Davies, M. (1989) Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales. In Ford, T.D. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 79-91.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1994) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 18. Archaeometry 36: 337-374.

Schulting, R.J. & Richards, M.P. (2002) Finding the coastal Mesolithic in southwest Britain: AMS dates and stable isotope results on human remains from Caldey Island, South Wales. Antiquity 76: 1011-1025.

Van Nedervelde, J. (1972) Ogof-yr-Ychen (Cave of the Ox), Caldey Island. Archaeology in Wales 12: 19-20.

Van Nedervelde, J. et al. (1973) Radiocarbon dating from Ogof-yr-Ychen, a new Pleistocene site in West Wales. Nature 245: 453-455.

return to the index page.

Valid CSS!