Cefn Caves, St. Asaph, Clwyd


NGR: SJ 0203 7051

NPRN: 94801

SMR: 19306, 102135, 102136

CCR: 894

Excavation: J. Trimmer & E. Stanley, 1830-32; T.J. Moore et al., 1866; W.B. Dawkins, 1872; H.S. Green, 1982-84.

Curation: Chester Museum; Liverpool Museum; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff (66.88/4-7, 68.88, 83.108H, 92.224H); Manchester Museum.

Burials: MNI: 2 (adult)

Finds: Pottery, flint flakes, worked antler, animal bones.

Date: Bronze Age and Early Medieval (1)

14C: 2835bp (OxA-6233). 1445bp (OxA-6234) on human bone

Bibliography:

Aldhouse-Green, S., Peterson, R. & Walker, E.A. , editors (2012). Neanderthals in Wales. Pontnewydd and the Elwy Valley Caves. Oxbow, Oxford.

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Nature Conservancy Council, Peterborough.

Dawkins, W.B. (1870) On the discovery of platycnemic men in Denbighshire. Journal of the Ethnological Society of London 2: 440-468.

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. MacMillan, London.

de Rance, C.E. (1888) Age of the Clwydian caves. Geological Magazine 5: 300-303.

Green, H.S. (1983) Excavations at Pontnewydd and Cefn Caves. Archaeology in Clwyd 6: 1.

Green, H.S. (1986) The Palaeolithic settlement of Wales research project: a review of progress 1978-85. In Colcutt, S.N. (ed.) The Palaeolithic of Britain and its Nearest Neighbours: Recent Trends. University of Sheffield, Sheffield, pp. 36-42.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

Hughes, T.M. (1885) Notes of the geology of the Vale of Clwyd. Proceedings of the Chester Society for Natural Science 3: 5-37.

Hughes, T.M. (1887) On the drifts of the Vale of Clwyd and their relation to the caves and cave deposits. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 43: 73-120.

Mackintosh, D. (1876) On the correlation of the deposits in Cefn and Pontnewydd Caves with the drifts of the north-west of England and Wales. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 32: 91-94.

Moore, T.J. (1867) Mammalian remains from Cefn Cave. Part 1. Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society 1: 50-51.

Murchison, C. (1868) Palaeontological Memoirs and Notes of the late Hugh Falconer. Volume II: Hardwicke, London.

Neaverson, E. (1942) A summary of the records of Pleistocene and post-glacial mammalia from North Wales and Merseyside. Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society 70-85.

Paxton, R.A. (1952) Notes on the Cefn Caves, St Asaph, Denbighshire. Cave Science 3: 120-121.

Stanley, E. (1832) Memoir on a cave at Cefn in Denbighshire. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 14: 40-53.

Valdemar, A.E. (1970) A new assessment of the occupation of the Cefn Cave in relation to the Bont Newydd Cave and the River Elwy. Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain 12 (2): 109-112.

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