Cathole Cave, Ilston, Glamorgan


NGR: SS 5377 9002

NPRN: 305612

SMR: 00231W

CCR: 1118

Excavation: E.R. Wood, 1864; C.B.M. McBurney, 1958-59; J.B. Campbell, 1968; E.A. Walker, 2012.

Curation: Cambridge Museum of Archaeology & Ethnography; British Museum, London; Natural History Museum, London; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff (80.55H).

Burials: MNI: 2+

Finds: beaker, socketed bronze axe, flint flakes, animal bones

Date: Neolithic (1)

14C: 4675 bp (OxA-16605) on human bone

Bibliography:

Allen, E.E. & Rutter, J.G. (1948) Gower Caves. Welsh Guides, Swansea.

Campbell, J.B. (1977) The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain. A Study of Man and Nature in the Late Ice Age. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Campbell, S. & Bowen, D.Q. (1989) Geological Conservation Review. Quaternary of Wales. Nature Conservancy Council, Peterborough.

Garrod, D.A.E. (1926) The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Gibson, A.M. (1982) Beaker domestic sites: a study of the domestic pottery of the late third and early second millenia B.C. in the British Isles. British Archaeological Reports British Series 107. B.A.R., Oxford.

Green, H.S. & Walker, E. (1991) Ice Age Hunters. Neanderthals and Early Modern Hunters in Wales. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

Harrison, C.J.O. (1980) A re-examination of British Devensian and earlier Holocene bird bones in the British Museum (Natural History). Journal of Archaeological Science 7: 53-68.

Jacobi, R.M. (1980) The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain with special reference to Wales. In Taylor, J.A. (ed.) Culture and Environment in Prehistoric Wales. B.A.R. British Series 76: 15-100.

Oldham, A.D. (2003) The Caves of Gower. Privately printed.

McBurney, C.B.M. (1959) Report on the first season's fieldwork on British Upper Palaeolithic cave deposits. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 25: 260-269.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481.

Nash, G.H., Simms, M.J., Thomas,L., & van Calsteren,P. (2012). A discovery of possible Upper Palaeolithic parietal art in Cathole Cave, Gower penninsula, south Wales. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25.3: 327-336.

Nash, G.H. & Beardsley, A. (2013) The survey of Cathole Cave, Gower Peninsula, South Wales. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 26.1: 73-83.

Price, C.R (2003) Late Pleistocene and early Holocene small mammals in south west Britain. British Archaeological Reports British Series 347.

Roberts, J. (1887) Cats Hole Cave. Annual Report and Transactions of the Swansea Scientific Society 15-23.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. HMSO, Cardiff.

Vivian, H.H. (1887) Description of the Park Cwm tumulus. Archaeologia Cambrensis 42: 197-201.

Walker, E.A. (2014) Excavations at Cathole Cave, Gower, Swansea. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 26.2: 131-169.

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