Uphill Quarry Caves, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset


NGR: ST 3159 5836

NMR: ST 35 NW 1

SMR: -

SAM: -

MCRA: 967

Excavation: D. Williams, 1826; Mann, 1861; J. Parker, 1863; F.A. Knight, 1881; E. Wilson, 1898; C. Morgan, 1899-1901.

Curation: Bristol Museum; Natural History Museum, London; Weston-super-Mare Museum; British Museum, London.

Burials: MNI: 7+

Finds: Middle Palaeolithic flint artefacts, pottery, animal bones, Roman artefacts (Uphill 2).

Date: : Romano-British (1)

14C: 28080 (OxA-8408) on bone point from Uphill 8; 1710 bp (OxA-4022) on human bone from Uphill 2.

Bibliography:

Balch, H.E. (1948) Mendip, its Swallet Caves and Rock Shelters. Wright, Bristol.

Buxton, L.D. (1924) Notes on a skull in the University Museum, Oxford, from Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (2): 115-119.

Davies, J.A. (1926) Notes on Upper Palaeolithic implements from some Mendip caves. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (3): 261-273.

Day, E.C.H. (1866) On a raised beach and other recent formations, near Weston-super-Mare. Geological Magazine 3: 115-119.

Dawkins, W.B. (1874) Cave Hunting. London, Macmillan.

Harrison, R.A. (1977) The Uphill Quarry Caves, Weston-super-Mare, a reappraisal. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society 14 (3): 233-254.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1996) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system. Archaeometry datelist 21. Archaeometry 38: 181-207.

Jacobi, R.M. & Pettitt, P.B. 2000. An Aurignacian point from Uphill Quarry (Somerset) and the earliest settlement of Britain by Homo sapiens sapiens. Antiquity 74: 513-518.

Knight, F.A. (1902) The Seaboard of Mendip. London.

MacFadyen, W.A. (1970) Geological Highlights of the West Country. Butterworths, London.

Morgan, C.L. (1901) Ossiferous caves at Uphill. Reports of the British Association 71: 352.

Morgan, C.L. et al. (1899) Caves at Uphill. Reports of the British Association 69: 402.

Morgan, C.L. et al. (1900) Ossiferous caves at Uphill. Reports of the British Association 70: 342-343.

Pooley, C. (1863) Notes and Queries. The Geologist 6: 231.

Rutter, J. 1829. Delineations of the Northwestern Division of the County of Somerset, and of its Antediluvian Bone Caverns, with a Geological Sketch of the District. Longman, London.

Williams, D. (1830) On the caves and fissures in the western district of the Mendip Hills. Proceedings of the Royal Society 3: 55-57.

Wilson, E. (1898) On the exploration of two caves at Uphill, Weston-super-Mare, containing remains of Pleistocene mammalia. Geological Magazine 5: 569-570.

Wilson, E. & Reynolds, S.H. (1901) The Uphill bone caves. Proceedings of the Bristol Natural History Society 9: 152-160.

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