Bone Hole (Long's Cave), Cheddar, Somerset


NGR: ST 4804 5470

NMR: ST 45 SE 9

SMR: S 10389

SAM: -

MCRA: 727

Excavation: W. Long & W.B. Dawkins, 19th century; Mendip Caving Group, 1967.

Curation: Wells and Mendip Museum (human and animal bone, pottery), Bristol City Museum (human and animal bone), Natural History Museum (human bone), Oxford University Museum of Natural History (animal bone).

Burials: MNI: 18+ (13+ adult, 5 juvenile).

Finds: Romano-British pottery; early Beaker pottery, animal bones.

Date: : EBA, Roman and Early Medieval (1)

14C: 3489 bp (BRAMS-1262) 1884 bp (BRAMS-1259), 1304 bp (BRAMS-1260), 1282 bp (BRAMS-1261).

Bibliography:

Adams, S.B. (1924) Field work. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (2): 176-177.

Balch, H.E. (1947) Mendip - Cheddar, its Gorge and Caves. Wright, Bristol.

Cox, A.B. (1976) An interim report of the excavation work carried out at the Bone Hole, Cheddar Gorge. Mendip Caving Group Journal 6: 17-30.

Irwin, D.J. and Jarrett, A. (1993) Mendip Underground. A Caver's Guide. 3rd Edition. Mendip Publishing, Castle Cary.

Long, W. (1838) Description of a cave at Cheddar, in which human as well as animal bones have been lately found. Reports of the British Association, Transactions of Sections 8: 85-86.

Mullan, G.J. Boyle, G. Hutchinson, D. & Rossington, R.J. (2017) Bone Hole, Cheddar Gorge, Somerset: Archaeological and Palaeontological Collections. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 27 (2) 161-183.

Tratman, E.K. (1975) The cave archaeology and palaeontology of Mendip. In Smith, D.I. & Drew, D.P. (eds) Limestones and Caves of the Mendip Hills. David and Charles, Newton Abbott,pp. 352-403.

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