Aveline's Hole, Burrington, North Somerset


NGR: ST 4761 5867

NMR: ST 45 NE 2

SMR: S 0268

MCRA: 3

SAM: 13259

Excavation: 1797; D. Williams, 1828; W.T. & A.T. Aveline, 1843; W.B. Dawkins, 1860, 1864; BSRS, 1912-1914; J.A. Davies, 1919-1930.

Curation: UBSS Museum; Natural History Museum, London.

Burials: MNI: 21+ (16 adults, 5 juveniles)

Finds: : Flint, bone and tooth artefacts; worked fossils; animal bones.

Date: Mesolithic (1)

14C: 9114 bp (BM-471); 9100 bp (OxA-800); 8860 bp (OxA-801); 8740 bp (OxA-1070) on human bone 9090 bp (Q-1458) on mixed bone sample; 8100 bp (GrN-5393) on stalagmite inside human skull; 9210 bp to 8890 bp (18 samples) (GrA-22421-GrA22605) on human bone.

Bibliography:

Balch, H.E. (1948) Mendip - Its Swallet Caves and Rock Shelters. Wright, Bristol.

Barker, H. et al. (1971) British Museum natural radiocarbon measurements VII. Radiocarbon 13: 157-188.

Boycott, A. & Wilson, L.J. (2010) Contemporay accounts of the discovery of Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25 (1): 11-25.

Boycott, A. & Wilson, L.J. (2011) In further pursuit of rabbits: Accounts of Aveline's Hole 1799 to 1921. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25 (2): 187-232.

Boycott, A. & Wilson, L.J. (2012) The Aveline Brothers at Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25 (3): 303-312.

Burleigh, R. (1986) Radiocarbon dates for human and animal bones from Mendip Caves. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 17 (3): 267-274.

Buxton, L.H.D. (1924) Notes on a skull, in the University Museum, Oxford, from Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (2): 115-119.

Davies, J.A. (1921) Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe. An Upper Palaeolithic station. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (2): 61-72.

Davies, J.A. (1922) Second report on Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (3): 113-118.

Davies, J.A. (1923) Third report on Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (1): 5-15.

Davies, J.A. (1924) Fourth report on Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (2): 104-114.

Fawcett, E. (1920) Report on the material found at The Cave, Burrington. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (1): 5-8.

Fawcett, E. (1921) Further report on the human material found in Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (2): 79-82.

Fawcett, E. (1924) Note on a human mandible from Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (2): 120.

Gowlett, J.A.J. et al. (1986) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 4. Archaeometry 28: 206-221.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1987) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 6. Archaeometry 29: 289-306.

Hinton, M.A.C. (1921) Note on the remains of small mammals obtained from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe, Somerset. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (2): 74-78.

Keith, A. (1923) Description of three human crania from Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (1): 16-31.

Kennard, A.S. & Woodward, B.B. (1923) Report on the non-marine mollusca from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (1): 32-33.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological Description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481.

Meiklejohn, C., Schulting, R., Musgrave, J., Babb, J., Higham,T., Richards, D. & Mullan, G. (2012) The Aveline's Hole 9 Cranium: A partial solution to a long standing engima. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25 (3): 275-294.

Mullan, G.J. & Wilson, L.J. (2004) A possible Mesolithic engraving in Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe, North Somerset. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 23: (2) 75-85.

Newell, R.R. et al. (1979) The skeletal remains of Mesolithic man in Western Europe: an evaluative catalogue. Journal of Human Evolution 8: 1-228.

Newton, E.T. (1921) Note on the remains of birds obtained from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe, Somerset. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (2): 73.

Newton, E.T. (1922) List of avian species identified from Aveline's Hole, Burrington. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (3): 119-121.

Newton, E.T. (1924) Note on additional species of birds from Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (2): 121.

Oakley, K.P. (1980) Relative dating of the fossil hominids of Europe. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Geology Series 34: 1-63.

Oakley, K. P., Campbell, B. G., & Molleson, T. I. (1977). Catalogue of fossil hominids. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History)

Richards, D.A. et al (2012) Constraining the age of the Aveline's Hole 9 cranium based on U-TH isotopic analysis of its secondary calcite coating. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 25 (3): 295-302.

Schulting, R. & Wysocki, M. (2002) The Mesolithic human skeletal collection from Aveline's Hole: a preliminary note. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 22 (3): 255-268.

Schulting, R. et al. (2005) '… Pursuing a rabbit in Burrington Combe': New Research on the Early Mesolithic burial cave of Aveline's Hole. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 23 (3): 171-265.

Stringer, C.B. (1990) British Isles. In Orban, R. (ed.) University Libre de Bruxelles, pp. 1-40.

Tratman, E.K. (1922) Notes on the human teeth obtained from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe, Somerset. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 1 (3): 122-125.

Tratman, E.K. (1923) Further notes on the human teeth from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 2 (1): 38-39.

Tratman, E.K. (1977) A further radiocarbon date on human bone material from Aveline's Hole, Burrington Combe. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 14 (3): 261-262.

Vogel, J.C. & Waterbolk, H.T. (1972) Groningen radiocarbon dates. X. Radiocarbon 14: 6-110.

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