Reindeer Cave (Uamh An Claonaite), Assynt, Highland


NGR: NC 2679 1704

NMR: NC21NE 1

Canmore: 4615

Excavation: Cree, J.E. & Callander, J.G., 1926.

Curation: Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh.

Burials: MNI: 4 (1 adult, 3 juveniles).

Finds: Walrus ivory pin; antler point; animal bones.

Date: Neolithic (1)

14C: 4515 to 4720 bp (OxA-5758 to OxA-5761) on human bone; 1900 (OxA 3527) on walrus ivory pin; 850 bp (OxA-5757) on worked antler.

Bibliography:

Birch, S (2008) 'Uamh an Claonaite, Highland (Assynt parish), survey, excavation, sampling and analysis', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 9: 98.

Birch, S. & Young, I. (2009) 'Uamh an Claonaite, Highland (Assynt parish), survey, excavation, sampling and analysis' Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 10: 89-90.

Callander, J.G., Cree, J.E. & Ritchie, J. (1927) Preliminary report on caves containing Palaeolithic relics, near Inchnadamph, Sutherland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 61: 169-172.

Cree, J.E. (1927) Palaeolithic man in Scotland. Antiquity 1: 218-221.

Gleed-Owen, C. (1998) Quaternary Herpetofaunas of the British Isles: Taxonomic Descriptions, Palaeoenvironmental Reconstructions and Biostratigraphic Implications. PhD Thesis, University of Bristol.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1993) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 16. Archaeometry 35: 147-167.

Hedges, R.E.M. (1998) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 26. Archaeometry 40: 437-455.

Lawson, T.J. (1981) The 1926-7 excavations of the Creag nan Uamh bone caves, near Inchnadamph, Sutherland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 111: 7-20.

Lawson, T.J. (1995) An analysis of sediments in caves in the Assynt area, N.W. Scotland. Cave and Karst Science 22: 23-30.

Lawson, T. & Bonsall, C. (1986) The Palaeolithic in Scotland: a reconsideration of evidence from Reindeer Cave, Assynt. In Collcutt, S.N. (ed) The Palaeolithic of Britain and its Nearest Neighbours: Recent Trends. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield, pp. 85-89.

Lawson, T.J. & Young, I. (1997) Bone caves. Grampian Speleological Group Bulletin 4: 27-36.

Murray, N.A. et al. (1993) Further radiocarbon determinations on reindeer remains of Middle and Late Devensian age from the Creag nan Uamh Caves, Assynt, NW Scotland. Quaternary Newsletter 70: 1-10.

Peach, B.N. & Horne, J. (1917) The bone-cave in the valley of Allt nan Uamh (Burn of the Caves), near Inchnadamff, Assynt, Sutherland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 37: 327-348.

Saville, A (2005) Archaeology and the Creag nan Uamh bone caves, Assynt, Highland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 135 : 343-369.

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