Robin Hood's Cave, Whitwell, Derbyshire


NGR: SK 5341 7419

NMR: SK 57 SW 32

SMR: y15106, 15107

SAM: Dr 237, 275

Excavation: Mello et al., 1875-1880; Laing, 1885; J.B. Campbell, 1969; R.D.S. Jenkinson, 1981.

Curation: British Museum, London; Manchester Museum; Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford; Creswell Crags Museum; Bolton Museum; Doncaster; Preston; Sheffield; Brewhouse Yard Museum, Nottingham.

Burials: MNI: 2+

Finds: Flints; animal bones.

Date: Early Neolithic, Iron Age and Romano-British (1)

14C: 2020 bp, 1785 bp (OxA-736, OxA-6581) on human bone; 4870 bp, 5000 bp (OxA-1807, OxA-7386) on human bone.

Bibliography:

Branigan, K. & Dearne, M.J. (1991) A Gazetteer of Romano-British Cave Sites and their Finds. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield

Campbell, J.B. (1969) Excavations at Creswell Crags: preliminary report. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 89: 47-58.

Campbell, J.B. (1970b) Peakland Archaeological Society Newsletter 25: 11-12.

Charles, R. & Jacobi, R.M. (1994) The lateglacial fauna from the Robin Hood Cave, Creswell Crags: a re-assessment. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 13: 1-32.

Coles, G.M. & Gilbertson, D.D. (1994) The airfall-pollen budget of archaeologically important caves: Creswell Crags, England. Journal of Archaeological Science 21: 735-755.

Coles, G., Hunt, C.O. & Jenkinson, R.D.S. (1985) Robin Hood's Cave: Palynology. In Briggs, D.J. et al. (eds) Peak District and Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 178-182.

Dawkins, W.B. (1876) On the mammalia and traces of man in Robin Hood's Cave. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 32: 240-259.

Dawkins, W.B. (1877) On the mammal fauna of the caves of Cresswell Crags. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 33: 589-612.

Gilbertson, D.D. (1989) The sedimentary sequence in Robin Hood's Cave, Creswell Crags. Cave Science 16: 101-102.

Gowlett, J.A.J. et al. (1986a) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 3. Archaeometry 28: 116-125.

Gowlett, J.A.J. et al. (1986b) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 4. Archaeometry 28: 206-221.

Heath, T. (1882) Pleistocene deposits of Derbyshire and its immediate vicinity. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 4: 161-178.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1991) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 13. Archaeometry 33: 279-296.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1997) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 24. Archaeometry 39: 445-471.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1998) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 26. Archaeometry 40: 437-455.

Jackson, J.W. (1927) Creswell Caves. Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society 44: 1-7.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. (1984) Creswell Crags. British Archaeological Reports British Series 122. B.A.R., Oxford.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. et al. (1986) New Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Robin Hood's Cave, Creswell Crags SSSI, U.K. In Roe, D.A. (ed.) Studies in the Upper Palaeolithic of Britain and North West Europe. British Archaeological Reports International Series 296. BAR, Oxford, pp. 89-97.

McComb, P. (1989) Upper Palaeolithic Artefacts from Britain and Belgium. An Inventory and Technological Description. British Archaeological Reports International Series 481. BAR, Oxford.

Mello, J.M. (1875) On some bone caves in Creswell Crags. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 31: 679-683.

Mello, J.M. (1877) The bone caves of Creswell Crags - 3rd paper. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 33: 579-588.

Oakley, K.P. (1980) Relative dating of the fossil hominids of Europe. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Geology Series 34: 1-63.

Rowe, P.J. & Atkinson, T.C. (1985) Uranium-Thorium dating results from Robin Hood’s Cave. In Briggs, D.J. et al. (eds) Peak District and Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 200-207.

Sieveking, A. (1992) Continental affiliations of two Palaeolithic engraved bones found in England. Antiquaries Journal 72: 1-17.

Yates, G. (1985) Robin Hood's Cave: mineral magnetism. In Briggs, D.J. et al. (eds) Peak District and Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 183-199.

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