Pin Hole Cave, Whitwell, Derbyshire


NGR: SK 533 741

NMR: SK 57 SW 71

SMR: 15110, 15111

SAM: Dr 69, 275

Excavation: J.M. Mello, 1874; A.L. Armstrong, 1924-1938.

Curation: Manchester Museum; Natural History Museum, London; Derby Museum; Middlesbrough Museum; British Museum, London; Buxton Museum; Creswell Crags Museum; Liverpool Museum; Sheffield Museum; Warrington Museum.

Burials: MNI: 2 (1 adult, 1 juvenile).

Finds: Beaker and Collared Urn pottery, flint knife, scraper and flake.

Date: Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age (2).

14C: 4120 bp (BM-437) on charcoal 3910 bp (BM-438) on charcoal 3750 bp (OxA-1469) on animal bone.

Bibliography:

Armstrong, A.L. (1926) Excavations at Creswell Crags, Derbyshire, 1924-26. Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society 3: 116-122.

Armstrong, A.L. (1929a) Pin Hole Cave excavations, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire: discovery of an engraved drawing of a masked human figure. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia 6 (1): 27-29.

Armstrong, A.L. (1929b) Excavations in the Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia 6 (4): 330-334.

Armstrong, A.L. (1932) Excavations at Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. 1928-1932. The Pin Hole Cave. Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society 4: 178-184.

Armstrong, A.L. (1936) A bull-roarer of Le Moustier age from Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Antiquaries Journal 16: 322-323.

Armstrong, A.L. (1956) Sheffield and its region. British Association Reports 90.

Barker, H. et al. (1969) British Museum natural radiocarbon measurements VI. Radiocarbon 11: 289-90.

Busk, G. (1875) List of the mammalian remains collected by the Rev. J.M. Mello in the rock-fissure cavern in Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 31: 683-691.

Campbell, J.B. (1977) The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Gibson, A.M. (1982) Beaker domestic sites: a study of the domestic pottery of the late third and early second millenia B.C. in the British Isles. British Archaeological Reports British Series 107.

Gilks, J.A. (1974) Early Bronze Age beakers from Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 94: 8-15.

Heath, T. (1882) Pleistocene deposits of Derbyshire and its immediate vicinity. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 4: 161-178.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. (1988) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 7. Archaeometry 30: 155-164.

Hunt, C.O. (1989) Molluscs from A.L. Armstrong's excavations in Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 16: 97-100.

Jackson, J.W. (1926) Recent cave exploration in Derbyshire. The North Western Naturalist 1: 190-196.

Jackson, J.W. (1967) The Creswell Caves. Journal of the British Speleological Association 6 (41): 8-23.

Jacobi, R.M. et al. (1998) Radiometric dating of the Middle Palaeolithic tool industry and associeted fauna of Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, England. Journal of Quaternary Science 13: 29-42.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. (1984) Creswell Crags. British Archaeological Reports British Series 122. Oxford, B.A.R.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. (1989) Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association 16: 95-96.

Jenkinson, R.D.S., Hunt, C.O. & Brooks, I. (1985) Pin Hole Cave. In Briggs, D.J. et al. (eds) Peak District and Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 135-138.

Kiberd, P. (1997) Notes relating to excavations at Pin Hole Cave, Derbyshire (1930 and 1933). Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society 19: 1-11.

Kitching, J.W. (1963) Bone, Tooth and Horn Tools of Palaeolithic Man. Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Longworth, I.H. (1984) Collared Urns of the Bronze Age in Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Mello, J.M. (1875) On some bone caves in Creswell Crags. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 31: 679-683.

Oakley, K.P. (1980) Relative dating of the fossil hominids of Europe. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Geology Series 34: 1-63.

Sieveking, A. (1992) Continental affiliations of two Palaeolithic engraved bones found in England. Antiquaries Journal 72: 1-17.

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